Energy-Efficient Electric Vehicles Are Now Going Mainstream!

Cost, energy and health savvy electric vehicles are on the rise. Several automotive manufacturers are introducing more and more electric car models, which are increasingly becoming cost-efficient. Fossil fuel burning cars cost billions. The world is not only paying for the direct costs of burning fossil fuels, but also losing on the climate and health…

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Electrical Double Layer Capacitor: Principle And Operation

Electrical Double Layer Capacitors, or supercapacitors as they are often called, are high capacity devices that offer much higher capacitance than other capacitors. These are in high demand, because of the recent boom in electric vehicles. Their structure as well as principle of function is much different, resulting in improved performance. Furthermore, several organic and…

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Electric CarsA Look At The Booming Market

Previously, only car manufacturers had a positive outlook for electric vehicles (EVs). However, the recent boom has changed this, worrying major oil companies. One of the biggest reasons for the switch is that electrical energy is reusable. Newer technologies have allowed automobile manufacturers to invest in clean energy resources for electric cars.

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Exploring How Electrolyte Composition Affects The Electric Double-Layer Capacitance 

Double-layer capacitance allows storage of electrical energy using the electrical double layer effect. The phenomenon occurs between the interface of the electrode and electrolyte as seen, for instance, in supercapacitors. The electric charge stored through double layer capacitance is directly proportional to voltage. In supercapacitors, the capacitance mainly depends on electrode surface and DL distance….

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Palladium And Ruthenium Catalyzed Reactions In Fine Chemical Industry

Metal catalysts have been used for several years in chemical industry for bulk manufacturing. However, the use of organometallic catalysts is still comparatively new and underdeveloped. Research and development has resulted in modification of certain organometallic based processes in various industries. These catalysts and associated procedures are primarily used in pharmaceutical, agrochemical and fragrance production. Topics…

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Metal Phosphine Complexes And Ligands

Metal catalysts are popular for use in various chemical reactions, particularly those carried out on a large scale in industry. Common transition metal catalysts such as Ruthenium and Palladium often utilize phosphine ligands for stability during the reaction. This occurs after a complex of a transition metal catalyst is formed with a phosphine ligand. Before…

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Adsorption and surface reactions in heterogeneous catalysis

Heterogeneous catalysts are those which are present in a phase different than the reactants of the reaction. These reactions are hence called catalysis. Note that phase here doesn’t only refer to a different state (solid, liquid, gas) but also certain immiscible liquids such as oil and water mixtures. Majority of catalysts used in large scale…

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Industrial catalysis: The role of heterogeneous catalysts

Catalysis is any chemical reaction that involves a catalyst. Industrial catalytic reactions are usually the ones which are carried out on a large scale. Catalysts are chemical substances which allow the reactants an alternative pathway to break and make desired bonds. In the presence of the catalyst, the reactants require comparatively lower activation energy. Several…

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Carbohydrate Synthesis: An overview

Carbohydrates are one of the most abundant organic compounds found in living organisms. They are usually a product of photosynthesis, formed by condensation of CO2 in the presence of light and chlorophyll. Their most important function is to serve as a source of energy for both plants and animals which feed on plants. Carbohydrates are often…

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