Palladium And Ruthenium Catalyzed Reactions In Fine Chemical Industry

Metal catalysts have been used for several years in chemical industry for bulk manufacturing. However, the use of organometallic catalysts is still comparatively new and underdeveloped. Research and development has resulted in modification of certain organometallic based processes in various industries. These catalysts and associated procedures are primarily used in pharmaceutical, agrochemical and fragrance production. Topics…

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Metal Phosphine Complexes And Ligands

Metal catalysts are popular for use in various chemical reactions, particularly those carried out on a large scale in industry. Common transition metal catalysts such as Ruthenium and Palladium often utilize phosphine ligands for stability during the reaction. This occurs after a complex of a transition metal catalyst is formed with a phosphine ligand. Before…

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Adsorption and surface reactions in heterogeneous catalysis

Heterogeneous catalysts are those which are present in a phase different than the reactants of the reaction. These reactions are hence called catalysis. Note that phase here doesn’t only refer to a different state (solid, liquid, gas) but also certain immiscible liquids such as oil and water mixtures. Majority of catalysts used in large scale…

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Industrial catalysis: The role of heterogeneous catalysts

Catalysis is any chemical reaction that involves a catalyst. Industrial catalytic reactions are usually the ones which are carried out on a large scale. Catalysts are chemical substances which allow the reactants an alternative pathway to break and make desired bonds. In the presence of the catalyst, the reactants require comparatively lower activation energy. Several…

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Carbohydrate Synthesis: An overview

Carbohydrates are one of the most abundant organic compounds found in living organisms. They are usually a product of photosynthesis, formed by condensation of CO2 in the presence of light and chlorophyll. Their most important function is to serve as a source of energy for both plants and animals which feed on plants. Carbohydrates are often…

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An Account Of Common Monosaccharides And Disaccharides

Carbohydrates are one of the essential macromolecules, required by human body as a source of energy. From energy transportation to being part of various structural features, they fulfill several important roles in an organism. Another term for these compounds is saccharides. As such, these saccharides can be aldehydes (R-CHO) or ketones RC(=O)R’. The simplest sugars…

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All About L-Rhamnose- A Unique Rare Sugar

Carbohydrates, or sugars as they are commonly called, are one of the most frequently used natural macromolecules. Apart from being a major energy source for millions of species, these are also part of cellular structures. While carbohydrates are abundant in nature as a whole, certain sugars are not so common. Such sugars are called rare…

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Why bio-based plastics?

Keeping in view the diminishing fossil fuel reserves, an increasing number of industries are showing immense interest in bio-based plastics. It is remarkable to learn that approximately 4% of the global oil production is transformed into plastics for a host of products—commonly shopping bags and exterior car panels. Then, a small percentage is also utilized…

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